5, +0.6, +1.0, +0.4, +0.7 and +0.8 s from 6 to 11 years, respectively, p<0.012). Moreover, agility improved progressively from age class 6 to age class 11 in children of either sex (by a mean of -0.7 s in girls and -0.8 s in boys each year).
The amount of time needed to complete the test was significantly longer in OB girls and boys than in NW girls and boys (Fig 1a, 1aC and 1aD). In particular, OB girls aged 7, 8, 10 and 11 needed more time than their NW peers (+6.6, +9.6, +7.8 and +15.6%, respectively, p<0.001), as did OB boys aged 8 to 11 (+10.9, +8.2, +13.5 and +15.7%, respectively, p<0.001). Similarly, 11-year-old OW girls took longer to complete the test than NW girls (+6.2%, p = 0.0231), as did 9-, 10- and 11-year-old OW boys compared to NW boys (+5.2, +5.4 and +6.5%, respectively, p< 0.001). On the other hand, UW girls showed worse agility capacity than NW girls at 6 years old (+6.2%, p = 0.023), and UW boys showed worse agility capacity than NW boys at 8 and 9 years old (+7.5% and +9.9%, respectively, p<0.033).
The new speed gap anywhere between OB, OW and NW college students increased during the older kids versus young youngsters (Fig 2a, 2aC and you can 2aD). Zero tall hill variations was basically discover between NW people and other Body mass index kinds. Yet not, the slopes calculated to own OB and OW people were notably better versus mountain calculated having NW males (p = 0.006 and you will p = 0.008, respectively).
Muscular stamina of your own lower limb.
Girls jumps were shorter than those of boys for each age class (-6.6 cm at 6 and 7 years old, -7.2 cm at 8 years old, -7.6 cm at 9 years old, -7.9 cm at 10 years old and -8.9 cm at 11 years old, p<0.006). Muscular power of the lower limb was considerably greater in older children than in younger children (mean +6.9 cm in girls, and +7.3 cm in boys, per year). The peak improvement was observed between 7 and 8 years (+9.6 and +10.2 cm in girls and boys, respectively).
The recorded jump distance was shorter in OB and OW children than in NW and UW children for either sex (Fig 1a, 1aE and 1aF). In particular, OB girls jumped a significantly shorter distance than their NW counterparts at each age wyszukiwanie profilu adam4adam class (-9.3, -10.9, -10.0, -10.3, -12.7 and -13%, at 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 years old respectively, p<0.001), as did OB boys (-9.5, -11.6, -13.8, -14.4, -15.6 and -15.9%, respectively, p<0.001). OW girls jumped a shorter distance than NW girls at 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 years old (-4.0, -4.1, -6.4, -7.5 and -8.6%, respectively, p <0.001), as did OW boys (-4.3, -6.2, -6.8, -7.3 and -7.6%, respectively, p <0.001). On the other hand, 8-year-old UW girls and boys jumped a significantly shorter distance than their NW counterparts (-3.3%, p = 0.033 and -4.9%, p<0.001, respectively).
Lower limb muscular power disparities among children of differing BMI categories were found to be wider in higher age classes than in lower age classes (Fig 2a, 2aE and 2aF). The slopes of the regression models calculated for OB and OW children were significantly lower than the slope calculated for NW children of either sex (p<0.001 and p = 0.002 for OB and OW girls, respectively, and p<0.001 for OB and OW boys). On the other hand, the regression slope for UW boys was significantly higher than that of NW boys (p = 0.015).